Recently, the 1 gigawatt (1GW) Gujarat Solar photovoltaic (PV) tender for Dholera Solar Park was undersubscribed by 700 megawatt (MW) and received only two bids for a total of 300MW capacity.
Tarun Bhutani, Power Analyst at GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company, offers his view on the development:
“Since 2018, nearly 5GW of solar PV auctions have been cancelled by various government agencies in different states of India. Agencies insist on bringing down solar tariffs but factors such as a 25% safeguard duty on imported solar panels, differential goods and services tax (GST) rates and rupee depreciation have led to shrinking profit margins for developers. This was the primary factor for the slowdown in solar PV installation as annual installation in 2018 was 8.69GW in comparison to 9.57GW installation in 2017, according to GlobalData.
“Although this slowdown can be temporary, as long-term trend of the falling cost of PV modules remains intact; still these auction cancellations and re-tenders have resulted in a lack of interest among developers and investors. Auctions with an upper tariff limit have also been cancelled in the past, which prompts the need to create specific pricing methodology to determine a tariff. A transparent and market-based auction process can help to win back the confidence and interest of project developers; otherwise a target achievement of 100GW solar installation by 2022 seems very challenging.”