Automotive 4 Wheel-Drive (4WD) and All-Wheel Drive (AWD) Market and Trend Analysis by Technology, Key Companies and Forecast, 2021-2036

Pages: 79 Published: July 15, 2022 Report Code: GDAUS350722

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the global 4WD (Four Wheel Drive) and AWD (All Wheel Drive) sector, major suppliers, top 14 markets, technology trends and market size forecasts.

What are the market dynamics of the automotive 4WD and AWD market?

Technology developments in AWD/4WD drivetrains must add to the feeling of safety, performance, and assurance that customers typically cite as key purchase motivators. Torque vectoring is a contributory technology in maintaining reality. It is a relatively recent function introduced to differentials and powertrain systems that allows power to be precisely distributed from axle to axle or wheel to wheel.

The growing popularity of AWD and 4WD vehicles presents a big technology opportunity to suppliers, but something of a headache to OEMs needing to comply with tightening CO2 and fuel economy regulations. All the leading AWD/4WD players have demonstrated driveline disconnect technology. The driveline disconnect addresses AWD systems’ inherent fuel economy disadvantage when compared with 2WD systems, by decoupling the AWD system and operating in 2WD mode when full traction is not deemed necessary.

What are the key segments in the automotive 4WD and AWD market?

The key segments in the automotive 4WD and AWD market are four wheel drive and all-wheel drive AWD.

4WD segment in the automotive 4WD and AWD market

Models using 4WD almost always feature a longitudinally mounted engine, sending power through a transmission into a transfer case. The transfer case will commonly send the power onto the rear axle in 2WD mode but, when 4WD is requested by the driver or drivetrain, the center differential will lock the front prop shaft and send power to the front axle. In addition, many 4WD transfer cases include a geared low-range mode for greater traction on slippery surfaces.

Modern 4WD systems in longitudinal-engine vehicles such as Audi’s Quattro, BMW’s xDrive, and Mercedes’ 4matic allow 4WD use on-road by including a center differential to enable both axles to receive power but spin at different speeds.

This approach is commonly favored for its ruggedness and durability and, as such, sees regular fitment in off-road-oriented SUVs and pickup trucks. However, the greater number of moving parts, along with the higher system weight and friction means vehicles using four-wheel-drive systems typically return worse economy and emissions performance than their 2WD counterparts.

AWD segment in the automotive 4WD and AWD market

AWD models have become more common on smaller, more affordable models and especially those that are based on front-wheel-drive vehicles. Here the engine is almost always mounted transversely and sends its power to the front wheels via a transaxle. A PTU is mounted either on or within the transaxle and splits the engine’s power to the rear axle via a prop shaft. An automated coupling joins the end of the prop shaft to the rear axle and allows for varying torque splits by modulating the amount of lockup – usually via a clutch pack – to progressively engage or disengage the rear axle.

This approach offers the grip benefits of four-wheel-drive systems but, with the ability to automatically disconnect the system when more grips are not needed. It can also return fuel economy and emissions performance close to an equivalent 2WD car. As a downside, this approach is less appropriate for true off-road vehicles due to the risk that the PTU clutch pack can overheat with intensive use.

Automotive 4WD and AWD market, by segment

Automotive 4WD and AWD market, by segment

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Which are the major automotive 4WD and AWD companies?

The major companies in the automotive 4WD and AWD market are American Axle & Manufacturing Inc, BorgWarner Inc., Dana Incorporated, GKN Plc, JTEKT Corporation, Magna Powertrain, and ZF Friedrichshafen AG.

Automotive 4WD and AWD market, by company

Automotive 4WD and AWD market, by company

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Market report scope

Key segments Four Wheel Drive (4WD) and All-Wheel Drive (AWD)
Key companies American Axle & Manufacturing Inc, BorgWarner Inc., Dana Incorporated, GKN Plc, JTEKT Corporation, Magna Powertrain, and ZF Friedrichshafen AG

 

Scope

Based on exclusive interviews, primary research, and proprietary data this global market study includes –

  • 4WD and AWD fitment and market size data for the top 14* markets.
  • A review of the latest technological developments and market trends from case studies of the major VMs’ applications.
  • Updated profiles of the major four-wheel-drive car suppliers including their strategies and prospects.
  • Market size forecasts for the top 14* markets.
  • Sector PESTER (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Regulatory) analysis.

Scope

– This report contains an overview of an automotive sector along with detailed related component forecasts, supported by information drawn from GlobalData's extensive range of sources.

Reasons to Buy

– This report has been extracted from GlobalData's regularly updated online Automotive Intelligence Center. Containing content, tools and services not found in this report, GlobalData's AIC offers a cost-effective multi-user car market research solution.

Key Players

Bayerische Motoren Werke (BMW) AG
Ford Motor Company
Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co.
Ltd
General Motors
Daimler AG
Fiat-Chrysler Automobiles
Honda Motor Co.
Ltd.
Hyundai Motor Group
Mazda Motor Corporation
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
Nissan Motor Company
Ltd.
Subaru
Suzuki Motor Corporation
Tata Motors Limited
Toyota Motor Corporation
Volkswagen AG
American Axle and Manufacturing
Inc
BorgWarner Inc.
Dana Incorporated
GKN Plc
JTEKT Corporation
Magna International Inc.
Ricardo Plc
ZF Friedrichshafen AG

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Main Trends in the Sector

2. PESTER Analysis

Political

Economic

Social

Technological

Environmental

Regulatory

3. Companies

American Axle and Manufacturing, Inc

BorgWarner Inc.

Dana Incorporated

GKN Plc

JTEKT Corporation

Magna Powertrain

ZF Friedrichshafen AG

4. Forecasts

5. Markets

China

Europe

India

Japan

Korea

North America

South Africa

Thailand

6. Technologies

Distinction between 4WD and AWD

OEM overviews

Threat to 4WD and AWD systems posed by electrified vehicles

7. Appendix

What is this Report About?

8. Contact Us

If you have any more questions regarding our research, please contact us

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Main trends in the 4WD and AWD sector

Table 2: Market fitment/penetration rates of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, (%)

Table 3: Market volumes of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, ('000s units)

Table 4: Global market fitment/penetration rates of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, (%)

Table 5: Global market volumes of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, ('000s units)

List of Figures

List of Tables

Table 1: Main trends in the 4WD and AWD sector

Table 2: Market fitment/penetration rates of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, (%)

Table 3: Market volumes of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, ('000s units)

Table 4: Global market fitment/penetration rates of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, (%)

Table 5: Global market volumes of 4WD systems fitted to newly-assembled light vehicles, 2016-2036, ('000s units)

Frequently Asked Questions

The automotive market 4WD and AWD market can be segmented into – Four Wheel Drive (4WD) and All-Wheel Drive (AWD).

The major companies of the automotive 4WD and AWD sectors are American Axle & Manufacturing Inc, BorgWarner Inc., Dana Incorporated, GKN Plc, JTEKT Corporation, Magna Powertrain, and ZF Friedrichshafen AG.

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