Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2015

“Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2015” is the latest policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region. The report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across the major countries in Europe namely the Germany, France, Italy, the UK, Spain, Austria, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden and Turkey. The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of their renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in each of these countries. The report also provides insights to major policy initiatives for the market development of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, biopower and biofuels. The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

The report covers policy measures and incentives used by the major countries in Europe region to promote renewable energy.

The report details promotional measures in different countries both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies namely solar, wind, geothermal, hydro and bioenergy.

The report also highlights the differences and focus of the renewable energy policy frameworks in different countries in Europe.

The report provides a platform for comparison of various renewable energy policies across countries. Major countries include Germany, France, Italy, the UK, Spain, Austria, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden and Turkey.

Reasons to buy

Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken on renewable energy by different markets.

Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting the renewable energy markets.

Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in different countries.

Increase future revenue and profitability with the help of insights on the future opportunities and critical success factors in the renewable energy market.

Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Table of Contents

1Table of Contents

1.1List of Tables

1.2List of Figures

2Introduction to Renewable Energy Policy

2.1Overview of Renewable Energy Sources

2.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Overview ...

1Table of Contents

1.1List of Tables

1.2List of Figures

2Introduction to Renewable Energy Policy

2.1Overview of Renewable Energy Sources

2.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Overview

2.3Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Global, Major Policy Measures

2.3.1Feed-in Tariff Program

2.3.2Renewable Portfolio Standards

2.3.3Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates Systems

2.3.4Capital Subsidies, Grants and Rebates

2.3.5Energy Production Payments and Investments and Other Tax Credits

2.3.6Tax Rebates

2.3.7Net Metering

2.3.8Public Investment Loans

2.4Report Guidance

3Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Europe

3.1Renewable Energy Market, Overview

3.2Renewable Energy Targets

3.3Renewable Energy Support Policies Comparison

3.4Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Action Plans

3.4.1National Renewable Energy Action Plan

3.4.2National Energy Efficiency Action Plans

4Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Germany

4.1Renewable Energy Market, Germany, Overview

4.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Germany, Major Policies and Incentives

4.2.1Germany Renewable Energy, Targets

4.2.2Renewable Energy Sources Act

4.2.3Market Premium

4.2.4Federal Building Codes for Renewable Energy Production

4.2.5Integrated Climate Change and Energy Program

4.2.6Renewable Energy Heat Act

4.2.7Combined Heat and Power Law

4.2.8Sixth Energy Research Program

4.2.9Law on Energy and Climate Fund

4.2.10Market Incentive Program

4.2.11KfW Renewable Energy Program

4.2.12KfW Energy Turnaround Financing Initiative

4.2.13Renewable Energy Surcharge

4.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Germany

4.3.1Feed-in Tariffs for Solar PV under EEG

4.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Germany

4.4.1Feed-in Tariff for Wind under EEG

4.4.2Repowering Policy

4.4.3Support for Offshore Development

4.4.4KfW Program for Offshore Wind Energy

4.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal Power, Germany

4.5.1Feed-in Tariff for Geothermal

4.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Germany

4.6.1Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower under EEG

4.7Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Germany

4.7.1Premium Tariff for Biogas Plants

4.7.2Feed-in Tariff for Bioenergy under EEG

4.8Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Germany

4.8.1KfW Energy-Efficient Refurbishment Program

4.8.2KfW Energy-Efficient Construction

4.8.3KfW Energy Efficiency Program

4.8.4KfW Energy Efficient Refurbishment – Construction Supervision

4.8.5KfW SME Energy Efficiency Advice

5Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Spain

5.1Renewable Energy Market, Spain, Overview

5.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Spain, Major Policies and Incentives

5.2.1Spain Renewable Energy, Targets

5.2.2Legislation Enacted in 2012 and 2013

5.2.3Sustainable Economy Act

5.2.4Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Power

5.2.5Tax Regulation Mechanisms

5.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Spain

5.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Spain

5.4.1Mandatory Local Content Requirement

5.4.2Grid Connection of Small Wind Turbines

5.4.3Offshore Wind Power Regulations

5.4.4Offshore Wind Power Demonstration Projects

5.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Spain

5.6Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Spain

5.6.1Technical Building Code

5.6.2Energy Saving and Efficiency Action Plan 2011–2020

6Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Italy

6.1Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Overview

6.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Italy, Major Policies and Incentives

6.2.1Italy Renewable Energy, Targets

6.2.2Promotion of Energy from Renewable Sources – Decree for Implementing EU Directive 2009/28/EC

6.2.3Introduction of Green Certificates System

6.2.4Feed-in Tariff I

6.2.5Feed-in Tariff II

6.2.6Premium Tariff I

6.2.7Premium Tariff II

6.2.8Net Metering

6.2.9Tenders

6.2.10Reduction in Value Added Tax

6.2.11Reduction in Real Estate Tax

6.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Italy

6.3.1Feed-in Tariff for Solar Power

6.3.2New Subsidy Scheme for Solar Thermal Power, 2013

6.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Italy

6.4.1Feed-in Tariffs for Wind Power

6.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal Power, Italy

6.5.1Feed-in Tariffs

6.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Italy

6.6.1Feed-in Tariffs

6.7Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Italy

6.7.1Feed-in Tariffs for Biopower

6.7.2Loans to Biomass Projects

6.7.3Biodiesel Aid Scheme

6.7.4National Plan for Biofuels and Biomass

6.8Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Italy

6.8.1Climate Change Action Plan

6.8.2National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

6.8.3Funding for Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy and Bike-Sharing

6.8.4Kyoto Fund

6.8.5Promotion of High Efficiency Cogeneration

7Renewable Energy Policy Framework, France

7.1Renewable Energy Market, France, Overview

7.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, France, Major Policies and Incentives

7.2.1France Renewable Energy, Targets

7.2.2Electricity Act 2000

7.2.3Grenelle Environmental Plan

7.2.4Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs

7.2.5Tenders

7.2.6Contribution to Public Electricity Service Tax

7.2.7Tax Credit

7.2.8Reduction in VAT for Renewable Energy Projects

7.2.9Heat Fund

7.2.10Guarantee Fund Investments Energy Management

7.2.11Investment Fund for Environment and Energy Management

7.2.12National Strategy for Research and Development in the Field of Energy

7.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, France

7.3.1Feed-in Tariffs for Solar PV

7.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, France

7.4.1Feed-in Tariffs for Wind Power

7.4.2Wind Development Zone

7.4.3Offshore Wind Tender

7.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal Power, France

7.5.1Feed-in Tariffs for Geothermal Power

7.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, France

7.6.1Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower

7.6.2Renewal of Hydroelectric Concessions

7.7Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, France

7.7.1Feed-in Tariffs for Biomass Power

7.8Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, France

7.8.1White Certificate Trading

7.8.2Reduction in VAT for Home Renovation

7.8.3Zero Percent Interest Green Loan

8Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Austria

8.1Renewable Energy Market, Austria, Overview

8.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Austria, Major Policies and Incentives

8.2.1Austria Renewable Energy, Targets

8.2.2Green Electricity Act

8.2.3Klima: Aktiv Program

8.2.4Bilateral Partnerships

8.2.5The Climate and Energy Fund

8.2.6Combined Heat and Power Law

8.2.7Feed-in Tariffs

8.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Austria

8.3.1Feed-in Tariff for Solar Power

8.3.2Investment Subsidies

8.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Austria

8.4.1Feed-in Tariff

8.4.2Green Electricity Act – Wind Power Target

8.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal Power, Austria

8.5.1Feed-in Tariff

8.5.2Investment Subsidies

8.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Austria

8.6.1Feed-in Tariff

8.6.2Investment Subsidy

8.7Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Austria

8.7.1Feed-in Tariff for Biopower

8.7.2Five-Point Action Plan for Natural Gas and Biogas

8.7.3Financial Incentives for Rural Biomass Energy Generation

8.7.4Quota Obligation for Biofuels

8.7.5Tax Advantage on Biofuels

8.8Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Austria

8.8.1Energy Efficiency Action Plan

8.8.2Federal Promotion of Extraordinary Efficiency in Buildings

8.8.3Energy Efficiency in Industry

8.8.4Third-Party Financing for Efficiency Investment

9Renewable Energy Framework, Netherlands

9.1Renewable Energy Market, Netherlands, Overview

9.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Netherlands, Major Policies and Incentives

9.2.1Netherlands Renewable Energy, Targets

9.2.2Sustainable Energy Production

9.2.3SDE+

9.2.4Net Metering

9.2.5Guarantees of Origin

9.2.6Green Fund Scheme

9.2.7Energy Investment Allowance

9.2.8Environmental Investment Allowance

9.2.9Random Depreciation of Environmental Investments Scheme

9.2.10Environmental Protection Tax

9.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Netherlands

9.3.1Subsidy

9.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Netherlands

9.4.1Green Deal

9.4.2FLOW Program

9.4.3North Seas Countries' Offshore Grid Initiative

9.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Netherlands

9.6Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Netherlands

9.6.1Energy Performance Advice

9.6.2Energy Performance Standard for New Buildings

10Renewable Energy Framework, Norway

10.1Renewable Energy Market, Norway, Overview

10.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Norway, Major Policies and Incentives

10.2.1Norway Renewable Energy, Targets

10.2.2Renewable Quota Obligation

10.2.3Norway-Sweden Green Certificate Scheme

10.2.4Enova SF

10.2.5CO2 Tax

10.2.6Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership

10.2.7Clean Energy for the Future Program, 2004–2012

10.2.8ENERGIX Program, 2013–2022

10.2.9Implementation of EU Renewable Energy Directive

10.2.10Energi21 – Research and Development Strategy for the Energy Sector

10.2.11White Paper on National Climate Policy

10.2.12EU Seventh Framework Program for Research

10.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Norway

10.3.1Wind Farm Concessions

10.3.2Enova’s Wind Power Program

10.3.3Offshore Energy Act

10.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Norway

10.4.1The Strategy for Small-Scale Hydropower Strategy

10.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Norway

10.5.1Bioenergy Strategy

10.6Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Norway

10.6.1Implementation of EU Directives on Energy Efficiency

10.6.2Automobile Fuel Economy

10.6.3Incentives for Low-Energy Housing

11Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Poland

11.1Renewable Energy Market, Poland, Overview

11.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Poland, Major Policies and Incentives

11.2.1Poland Renewable Energy, Targets

11.2.2Energy Law Act

11.2.3Polish Energy Policy 2030

11.2.4Green Investment Scheme

11.2.5Red Certificate System

11.2.6Quota Obligation/Green Certificates

11.2.7Exemption from Consumption Tax

11.2.8National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

11.2.9National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management

11.2.10EU Structural and Cohesion Funds

11.2.11Renewable Energy Sources Act

11.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Poland

11.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Poland

11.4.1Financing of Wind Energy Projects

11.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Poland

11.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Poland

11.6.1Quota System/Green Certificates

11.6.2Long-Term Project for Promotion of Biofuel or Other Renewable Fuels 2008–2014

11.6.3Directions of Development for Agricultural Biogas Plants in Poland 2010–2020

11.7Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Poland

11.7.1Energy Efficiency Act

11.7.2Poland Sustainable Energy Financing Facility

11.7.3Energy Efficient Housing Subsidy Scheme 2013

12Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Sweden

12.1Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Overview

12.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Sweden, Major Policies and Incentives

12.2.1Sweden Renewable Energy, Targets

12.2.2Energy Policy Program

12.2.3Sustainable Energy and Climate Policy

12.2.4Green Certificate Scheme

12.2.5Norway-Sweden Green Certificate Scheme

12.2.6Energy Tax and Carbon Tax

12.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, Sweden

12.3.1Solar Aid

12.3.2Support for Solar Heating Investment

12.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, Sweden

12.4.1Support for Technical Development

12.4.2Energy Tax Reduction

12.4.3Reduced Real Estate Tax

12.4.4Vindforsk Research Program

12.4.5Vindval Capacity Building Program

12.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, Sweden

12.5.1Hydropower Quota System

12.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, Sweden

12.6.1Vehicle Taxation

12.6.2Vehicle Ethanol Conversion Regulation

12.6.3Fossil Fuel Blending

12.6.4Electricity Certificates Scheme

12.7Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Sweden

12.7.1Sustainable Municipalities Program

12.7.2Program for Improving Energy Efficiency in Energy-Intensive Industries

12.7.3Government Subsidies for Local Energy Efficiency Measures

12.7.4Energy Efficiency Measures for Government Authorities

12.7.5Building Energy Performance Certificates

13Renewable Energy Policy Framework, UK

13.1Renewable Energy Market, UK, Overview

13.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, UK, Major Policies and Incentives

13.2.1UK Renewable Energy, Targets

13.2.2Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Act

13.2.3Climate Change Act

13.2.4Energy Act 2004

13.2.5Energy Act 2008

13.2.6Planning and Energy Act 2008

13.2.7Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

13.2.8Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin

13.2.9Renewable Obligation Order

13.2.10Feed-in Tariff

13.2.11Climate Change Levy

13.2.12Environmental Transformation Fund

13.2.13Energy White Paper, 2011

13.2.14Renewable Energy Roadmap, 2011

13.3Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power, UK

13.3.1Feed-in Tariff

13.3.2New Renewable Obligation Scheme

13.4Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power, UK

13.4.1Feed-in Tariff

13.4.2Offshore Wind Cost Reduction Task Force

13.4.3The Offshore Transmission Owner Initiative

13.5Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal Power, UK

13.5.1Renewable Obligation, Geothermal

13.6Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower, UK

13.6.1Feed-in Tariff

13.6.2Renewable Obligation, Hydro

13.7Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy, UK

13.7.1Feed-in Tariff

13.7.2Bioenergy Infrastructure Scheme

13.7.3Bioenergy Capital Grants Scheme

13.8Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, UK

13.8.1Energy Efficiency Action Plan

13.8.2Low Carbon Transition Plan

13.8.3Low Carbon Industrial Strategy

13.8.4Reduced Value Added Tax for Energy-Saving Materials

13.8.5Enhanced Capital Allowances

13.8.6Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme

14Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Turkey

14.1Renewable Energy Market, Turkey, Overview

14.2Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Turkey, Major Policies and Incentives

14.2.1Targets

14.2.2Use of Renewable Energy Resources for the Generation of Electrical Energy (Law No. 5346)

14.2.3Law on Geothermal Resources and Natural Mineral Water (Geothermal Law)

14.2.4Strategic Plan 2010–2014

14.2.5Renewable Energy Law, 2010

14.2.6Climate Investment Funds

14.3Policy Support for Biofuel, Turkey

14.4Policy Support for Energy Efficiency, Turkey

14.4.1Energy Efficiency Law, 2007 (Law No. 5627)

14.4.2Support Scheme for Energy Efficiency in Industry

14.4.3Improving Energy Efficiency in Building Sector

14.4.4Improving Energy Efficiency in All Sectors

15Appendix

15.1Market Definitions

15.1.1Power

15.1.2Installed Capacity

15.1.3Electricity Generation

15.1.4Electricity Consumption

15.1.5Coal-Fired Power Plant

15.1.6Solar Power

15.1.7Renewable Energy Resources

15.2Abbreviations

15.3Sources

15.4Methodology

15.4.1Coverage

15.4.2Secondary Research

15.5Disclaimer

List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Market, Global, Overview of Various Renewable Energy Sources, 2014

Table 2: Renewable Energy Market, Europe, Renewable Energy Share and Targets (%), ...

Table 1: Renewable Energy Market, Global, Overview of Various Renewable Energy Sources, 2014

Table 2: Renewable Energy Market, Europe, Renewable Energy Share and Targets (%), 2014

Table 3: Renewable Energy Market, Europe, Major Policy Supporting Instruments, 2015

Table 4: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Targeted Contribution from Renewable Energy (%), 2020–2050

Table 5: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Expansion Corridor Targets, 2020–2050

Table 6: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Combined Heat and Power, Bonus, 2013

Table 7: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Grants by BAFA, 2013

Table 8: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Solar Power Feed-in Tariff, January to March 2015

Table 9: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Solar Power Feed-in Tariff, April to June 2015

Table 10: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Solar Power Feed-In Tariff Degression Rate, 2013

Table 11: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, 2012

Table 12: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 13: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Biomass Power Feed-in Tariffs, 2012

Table 14: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Landfill Gas, Sewage Gas and Mine Gas Facility Feed-in Tariffs, 2012

Table 15: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Biogas, Class I Feedstock Bonus, 2012

Table 16: Energy Efficiency, Germany, Energy-Efficient Refurbishment Program Grants and Loans, 2013

Table 17: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Green Power Certificate System Co-efficient Factor, 2014

Table 18: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariff I, Technology Eligibility, 2014

Table 19: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariff I, 2014

Table 20: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariff II (per MWh), 2014

Table 21: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Premium Tariff I Technology Eligibility, 2014

Table 22: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Premium Tariff I Tariffs, 2014

Table 23: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Eligibility Comparison of Feed-in Tariffs and Premium Tariff Schemes, 2014

Table 24: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Tariffs Provided under Tendering, 2014

Table 25: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariffs for PV Systems Installed on Buildings and Fed into Grid, 2014

Table 26: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariffs for PV Systems Installed for Self-Consumption, 2014

Table 27: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Feed-in Tariffs for PV Plants Using Innovative Technology, 2014

Table 28: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Concentrated PV System Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 29: Renewable Energy Market, Italy, Solar Thermal, Subsidy, 2014

Table 30: Renewable Energy Market, France, Tax Credit, 2014

Table 31: Renewable Energy Market, France, Solar PV Feed-in Tariffs, January 2012 to June 2013

Table 32: Renewable Energy Market, France, Solar PV Feed-in Tariffs, January 2014 to December 2014

Table 33: Renewable Energy Market, France, Solar PV Feed-in Tariffs, Degression Rates, 2014

Table 34: Renewable Energy Market, France, Wind, Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 35: Renewable Energy Market, France, Geothermal Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 36: Renewable Energy Market, France, Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 37: Renewable Energy Market, France, Biogas Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 38: Renewable Energy Market, France, Eco-Interest Loans, Bundle of Works Option, Eligibility, 2014

Table 39: Renewable Energy Market, France, Eco-interest Loan Eligibility, 2014

Table 40: Renewable Energy Market, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2013

Table 41: Renewable Energy Market, Austria, Solar Feed-in Tariffs, 2012–2014

Table 42: Renewable Energy Market, Austria, Small Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, 2012 and 2013

Table 43: Renewable Energy Market, Austria, Biopower Feed-in Tariffs, 2012 and 2013

Table 44: Renewable Energy Market, Netherlands, SDE+ 2012 Feed-in Tariffs, 2012

Table 45: Renewable Energy Market, Netherlands, SDE+2013 Feed-in Tariffs, 2013

Table 46: Renewable Energy Market, Netherlands, SDE+2014 Feed-in Tariffs, 2014

Table 47: Renewable Energy Market, Netherlands, Guarantees of Origin Participants, 2013

Table 48: Renewable Power Market, Netherlands, Environmental Protection Tax Levy, 2014

Table 49: Renewable Energy Market, Norway, Renewable Quota Obligation (certificates per MWh), 2013–2035

Table 50: Renewable Power Market, Poland, Renewable Quota Obligation (%), 2013–2021

Table 51: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2012–2035

Table 52: Renewable Energy, UK, Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, 2014

Table 53: Renewable Energy, UK, Renewable Obligation (ROCs/MWh), 2009–2016

Table 54: Renewable Energy, England and Wales, Renewable Obligation by Technology (ROCs/MWh), 2014

Table 55: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Climate Change Levy, 2012–2015

Table 56: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Solar Power, Feed-in Tariff (£/kWh), 2015

Table 57: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Solar Power, Feed-in Tariff (£/kWh), July 2015 to September 2015

Table 58: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Wind Power, Feed-in Tariff, 2010–2014

Table 59: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Wind Power, Feed-in Tariff, April 2015 to March 2016

Table 60: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Hydropower, Feed-in Tariffs, 2010–2016

Table 61: Renewable Energy Market, UK, Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power, Feed-in Tariffs, 2010–2016

Table 62: Renewable Energy Market, Turkey, Feed-in Tariffs ($/kWh), 2015

Table 63: Renewable Energy Market, Turkey, Bonus Payment for Made-in Components ($/kWh), 2011

Table 64: Abbreviations

List of Figures

Figure 1: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Policy Timeline, 2006–2015

Figure 2: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Annual Installations (GW), 2005–2014

Figure 3: Renewable Power Market, Spain, ...

Figure 1: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Policy Timeline, 2006–2015

Figure 2: Renewable Power Market, Germany, Annual Installations (GW), 2005–2014

Figure 3: Renewable Power Market, Spain, Policy Timeline, 2004–2014

Figure 4: Renewable Power Market, Spain, Annual Installed Capacity (GW), 2004–2014

Figure 5: Renewable Power Market, Italy, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 6: Renewable Power Market, Italy, Annual Installed Capacity (GW), 2004–2014

Figure 7: Renewable Power Market, France, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 8: Renewable Power Market, France, Annual Installed Capacity (GW), 2004–2014

Figure 9: Renewable Power Market, Austria, Policy Timeline, 2004–2014

Figure 10: Renewable Power Market, Austria, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

Figure 11: Renewable Power Market, Netherlands, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 12: Renewable Power Market, Netherlands, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

Figure 13: Renewable Power Market, Norway, Policy Timeline, 2004–2014

Figure 14: Renewable Power Market, Norway, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

Figure 15: Renewable Power Market, Poland, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 16: Renewable Power Market, Poland, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

Figure 17: Renewable Power Market, Poland, Renewable Quota Obligation (%), 2013–2021

Figure 18: Renewable Power Market, Sweden, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 19: Renewable Power Market, Sweden, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

Figure 20: Renewable Power Market, the UK, Policy Timeline, 2004–2014

Figure 21: Renewable Power Market, UK, Annual Installed Capacity (GW), 2004–2014

Figure 22: Renewable Power Market, Turkey, Policy Timeline, 2005–2014

Figure 23: Renewable Power Market, Turkey, Annual Installed Capacity (MW), 2004–2014

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