Europe Renewable Energy Policy Report 2018

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"Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2018” is among the latest region specific policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialist that offers comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region.

The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry. The report also provides major technology specific policies and incentives provided in the region.

The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

Scope

The report covers policy measures and incentives used by Europe to promote renewable energy.

The report details promotional measures in Europe both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the region.

Key Highlights

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Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to:

Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.

Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.

Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in the region.

Be ahead of competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Companies mentioned

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Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 1

1.1 List of Tables 13

2 Executive Summary 15

3 Introduction 17

3.1 Renewable ...

1 Table of Contents

1 Table of Contents 1

1.1 List of Tables 13

2 Executive Summary 15

3 Introduction 17

3.1 Renewable Energy Policy 17

3.2 GlobalData Report Guidance 17

4 Renewable Energy Policy, Austria 18

4.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 18

4.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 18

4.3 Financial Incentives and Policy Support 22

5 Renewable Energy Policy, Belgium 25

5.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 25

5.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 26

5.3 Net Metering in Brussels, Flanders, and Wallonia 33

6 Renewable Energy Policy, Bulgaria 34

6.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 34

6.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 34

7 Renewable Energy Policy, Croatia 38

7.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 38

7.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 38

8 Renewable Energy Policy, Czech Republic 43

8.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 43

8.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 43

8.3 National Climate Change Plan 43

8.4 State Energy Policy 44

8.5 Green Investment Scheme: New Green Savings 2014 44

8.6 Energy Management Act 45

8.7 Feed-in-tariff 45

8.8 Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Use 49

8.9 State Program to Promote Energy Savings and Use of Renewable and Secondary Energy Sources 49

8.10 Operation Programme Environment 50

8.11 Operational Programme Entrepreneurship and Innovation for Competitiveness 2014-2020 – OP PIK 50

9 Renewable Energy Policy, Denmark 51

9.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 51

9.2 Electricity Supply Act 51

9.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 51

9.4 Energy Strategy 2050 52

9.5 Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 52

9.6 Premium Tariff 53

9.7 Tenders for Offshore Wind 56

9.8 Net-metering 57

9.9 Loan guarantee for construction of wind energy plants 57

10 Renewable Energy Policy, Finland 58

10.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 58

10.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), Finland 58

10.3 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan 58

10.4 National Energy and Climate Strategy of Finland for 2030 59

10.5 Feed-in Tariffs (Premium Tariff) 60

10.6 Tendering 61

11 Renewable Energy Policy, France 64

11.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 64

11.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), France 64

11.3 Energy Transition Act 65

11.4 Multi-Annual Programming for Energy (PPE) 65

11.5 Feed-in Tariff and Feed-in Premium 65

11.6 Calls for Tenders 68

12 Renewable Energy Policy, Germany 74

12.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 74

12.2 Energy Act 75

12.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 75

12.4 Target Grid 2050 Concept 75

12.5 Renewable Energy Sources Act, 2017 76

12.6 Offshore Development Plan 80

12.7 Offshore Wind Act 2017 81

12.8 Emission Trading Scheme 81

12.9 Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse and Carbon Dioxide Emissions 82

12.10 Tenants’ Solar Power Supply 82

12.11 Cross Border Auctions 83

12.12 New Procedures for Joint Auctions for Onshore Wind and Solar Power 83

12.13 Law on Energy and Climate fund 83

12.14 Sixth Energy Research Program 83

12.15 Subsidy for Solar PV with Storage Installations 84

12.16 Feed-in Tariff for Geothermal 84

12.17 Feed-in Tariff for Solar PV under the EEG 84

12.18 Feed-in Tariff for Wind Power under EEG 85

12.19 Feed-in Tariff for Hydropower under EEG 85

13 Renewable Energy Policy, Greece 89

13.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 89

13.2 Energy Policy, Greece 89

13.3 Development Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources 90

13.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 91

13.5 Generation of Electricity using Renewable Energy Sources 92

13.6 Renewable Energy Laws 93

13.7 Licensing Procedure for Renewable Energy 93

13.8 National Operational Program for Competitiveness II 93

13.9 Feed-in-Tariffs for Renewable Energy Sources 94

13.10 Net Metering 96

14 Renewable Energy Policy, Ireland 98

14.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 98

14.2 Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan 98

14.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 99

14.4 Micro generation Support Scheme 102

14.5 White Paper for Sustainable Future of Ireland 102

14.6 Combined Heat and Power Deployment Programme 103

14.7 Climate Change Targets, Ireland 103

14.8 Sustainable Energy Component of the National Development Plan 103

14.9 Better Energy Homes Scheme 104

15 Renewable Energy Policy, Italy 105

15.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 105

15.2 Renewable Energy for Heating and Cooling and Small Interventions Increasing Energy Efficiency Support Scheme 105

15.3 National Energy Strategy 2030 105

15.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) 106

15.5 Renewable Energy Development 107

15.6 Feed-in Premium for Renewable Energy Sources Other Than Photovoltaic 107

15.7 Regular Feed-in Tariffs 109

15.8 Decree on the Cut of Incentives for Photovoltaic Plants 110

15.9 Feed-in Premium for Solar Thermodynamic Energy 110

15.10 Net-Metering Scheme 111

15.11 Tendering (Auction) Process 112

15.12 New Energy Strategy, 2020–2030 112

15.13 New Regulation to Promote Solar and Renewables in Non–Interconnected Islands 113

16 Renewable Energy Policy, Netherlands 116

16.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 116

16.2 Offshore Wind Energy Act 116

16.3 Offshore Wind Tender Regulation 116

16.4 Offshore Wind Tenders (Auctions) 116

16.5 Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth 117

16.6 Feed-in Premium Program SDE+ 118

16.7 Loan 122

16.8 Net-Metering 122

17 Renewable Energy Policy, Norway 126

17.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 126

17.2 Norway–Sweden Green Certificate Scheme for Electricity Production 126

17.3 Quota system 127

17.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 129

17.5 ENERGIX program: Research Council of Norway 129

17.6 Act on Offshore Renewable Energy Production (The Offshore Energy Act) 129

17.7 Energi21 129

18 Renewable Energy Policy, Poland 133

18.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 133

18.2 Renewable Energy Sources Act (RES Act) 133

18.3 BOCIAN-support for distributed energy sources 135

18.4 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 136

18.5 Direction of development for agricultural biogas plants in Poland 2010–2020 136

18.6 Polish Energy Policy 2030 137

19 Renewable Energy Policy, Portugal 142

19.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 142

19.2 Renewable Energy Guidelines 142

19.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 142

19.4 Green Growth Commitment 2030 143

19.5 Feed-in Tariffs 144

19.6 Emissions Trading System (ETS) 145

19.7 Carbon Capture and Storage 146

20 Renewable Energy Policy, Romania 147

20.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 147

20.2 Power Sector Reforms 147

20.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 148

20.4 National Strategy for Sustainable Development- Horizons 2013–2020–2030 148

20.5 Renewable Energy Law 149

21 Renewable Energy Policy, Russian Federation 153

21.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 153

21.2 Decree No. 449 on the Mechanism for the Promotion of Renewable Energy on the Wholesale Electricity and Market 154

21.3 Russia Renewable Energy Program 157

21.4 Federal Program for Energy Savings and Energy Efficiency 157

21.5 Energy Strategy of Russia to 2030 157

21.6 State Policy Guidelines for Promoting Renewable Energy in the Power Sector 158

21.7 National Climate Doctrine 158

21.8 Premium and Certificates Scheme 158

22 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovakia 159

22.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 159

22.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 159

22.3 Energy Policy 2014 (2035 and 2050 Horizon) 160

22.4 Feed-in Tariffs 160

22.5 Subsidy (Operational Programme Quality of Environment) 161

22.6 Tax Regulation Mechanism (Exemption from excise tax) 162

23 Renewable Energy Policy, Slovenia 166

23.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 166

23.2 National Renewable Action Plan 166

23.3 Renewable Energy Support Policy 166

23.4 The RES and CHP Support Schemes – Competitive Tender and FiTs 167

23.5 Premium tariffs 169

23.6 Net-Metering System 169

24 Renewable Energy Policy, Spain 171

24.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 171

24.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Major Policies and Incentives 171

24.3 PAREER Program 178

24.4 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar Power 178

24.5 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind Power 179

24.6 Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy 180

24.7 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency 180

25 Renewable Energy Policy, Sweden 182

25.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 182

25.2 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 182

25.3 Green Certificate Scheme 182

25.4 Subsidy for Photovoltaic Installations 185

25.5 Tax Regulation Mechanism I 185

25.6 Tax Regulation Mechanism II 185

25.7 Tax Regulation Mechanism III 186

26 Renewable Energy Policy, Switzerland 188

26.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 188

26.2 Electricity Supply Act (ESA) 188

26.3 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris Agreement 188

26.4 Energy Strategy 2050 189

26.5 Action Plan for a Coordinated Swiss Energy Research 191

26.6 Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs 191

27 Renewable Energy Policy, Turkey 198

27.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 198

27.2 Electricity Market Law 199

27.3 Natural Gas Market Law 199

27.4 Energy Strategy for the 2015–2019 period 199

27.5 The Use of Renewable Energy Resources for the Generation of Electrical Energy (Law No. 5346) 199

27.6 National Climate Change Action Plan 200

27.7 Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water 200

27.8 Renewable Energy Law, 2010 201

27.9 Feed-in Tariff 201

27.10 Renewable Energy Tender (Renewable Energy Zones (YEKA-Scheme)) 203

28 Renewable Energy Policy, UK 206

28.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 206

28.2 Electricity Market Reform 2011 207

28.3 Carbon Price Floor, 2016 207

28.4 Renewable Energy Targets 208

28.5 Climate Change Act 208

28.6 Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 208

28.7 Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin 209

28.8 Renewable Obligation Order 209

28.9 Contracts for Difference 212

28.10 Feed-in-Tariffs 214

28.11 Climate Change Levy 219

28.12 Policy Support for Energy Efficiency 221

29 Renewable Energy Policy, Ukraine 223

29.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview 223

29.2 Law on Alternative Energy Sources 224

29.3 National Renewable Energy Action Plan 225

29.4 Feed-in Tariff Program and the Green Tariff Law 225

29.5 Other Renewable Energy Programs 228

29.6 Energy Efficiency 228

30 Appendix 229

30.1 Market Definitions 229

30.1.1 Power 229

30.1.2 Installed Capacity 229

30.1.3 Electricity Generation 229

30.1.4 Electricity Consumption 229

30.1.5 Thermal Power Plant 229

30.1.6 Hydropower Plant 229

30.1.7 Nuclear Power 229

30.1.8 Renewable Energy Resources 229

30.2 Abbreviations 230

30.3 Bibliography 233

30.4 Methodology 238

30.5 Coverage 238

30.5.1 Secondary Research 239

30.5.2 Primary Research 239

30.5.3 Modeling and Forecasting 239

30.6 Contact Us 240

30.7 Disclaimer 240

List of tables

1.1 List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe 16

Table 2: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015–2020 19

Table ...

1.1 List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Policy, Europe 16

Table 2: NREAP Target by Renewable Energy Technology, Austria, 2015–2020 19

Table 3: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Sector 19

Table 4: Power Market, Austria, Energy Strategy Targets by Technology 20

Table 5: Renewable Energy Policy, Austria, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016 22

Table 6: Investment Subsidy for Off-grid Installations, Austria, Eligibility by Renewable Source, 2015 23

Table 7: Investment Subsidy for PV on Buildings, Austria, Fixed Tariff by Size, 2015–2017 23

Table 8: Power Market, Belgium, Energy Efficiency Targets 2020 27

Table 9: Belgium, Multiplicative Coefficients for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installations 28

Table 10: Belgium, Quotas for Green Energy Certificates 29

Table 11: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Bulgaria, Amount, 2017 36

Table 12: Renewable Energy, Croatia, Capacity targets, 2015–2020 39

Table 13: Renewable Energy Market, Czech Republic, Feed in Tariffs 45

Table 14: Renewable Energy Market, Czech Republic, Premium Tariffs 47

Table 15: Power Market, Finland, Energy Saving Targets 59

Table 16: Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh), France, 2017 67

Table 17: Renewable Energy, Tenders for PV systems, France, 2016–2019 69

Table 18: Expansion Corridor Targets, Germany, 2020–2050 76

Table 19: Results of onshore wind energy auctions conducted in 2017 77

Table 20: Results of offshore wind energy auctions conducted in 2017 78

Table 21: Results of photovoltaics auctions conducted in 2017 79

Table 22: Tender Rules and Legal Requirements, Germany 80

Table 23: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Solar Power, 2017 84

Table 24: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Wind Power, 2017 85

Table 25: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff, Germany, Hydropower, 2017 85

Table 26: ETMEAR Rates per Voltage Level, Greece, 2015–2017 90

Table 27: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020 91

Table 28: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Wind Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2017 94

Table 29: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Photovoltaic Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2016–2017 94

Table 30: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Geothermal Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, 2017 94

Table 31: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Biomass and Biofuel, Feed-in Tariffs, 2017 95

Table 32: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Hydro Power, Feed-in Tariffs, 2017 95

Table 33: Renewable Energy Policy, Greece, Existing Hydro Power, Feed-in Tariffs, 2017 95

Table 34: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 1, Ireland, 2016–2017 100

Table 35: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2, Ireland, 2016–2017 101

Table 36: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 3, Ireland, 2016–2017 102

Table 37: Renewable Energy Efficiency Targets, Ireland, 2014–2020 103

Table 38: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Italy, 2020 106

Table 39: Maximum Time to Reach Operation from Registration (Months), Italy, 2017 108

Table 40: Premium Tariffs for Renewable Technologies, Italy, 2017 109

Table 41: Regular Feed-in Tariffs for Renewable Technologies, Italy, 2017 110

Table 42: Premium Tariff for Solar Thermodynamic Energy, Italy, 2017 111

Table 43: Price and Volume Caps for Renewable Energy Tenders, Italy, 2016 112

Table 44: Renewable Energy Subsidy Available under SDE+ Scheme (€ and $), 2017 118

Table 45: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Netherlands, 2020 123

Table 46: Renewable Energy Quota (MWh), Norway, 2015–2035 127

Table 47: Average Price of Green Certificates, Norway, 2017 128

Table 48:Reference prices for the installation of renewable energy sources, Poland, 2017 134

Table 49: Renewable Energy Loan Beneficiaries, Poland, 2017 136

Table 50: Renewable Energy Targets (%), Poland, 2020 136

Table 51: Renewable Energy Share Levels, Poland, 2013–2021 138

Table 52: National Renewable Energy Action Plan, Portugal, Renewable Energy Targets (%), 2020 143

Table 53: Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariffs, Portugal, 2017 144

Table 54: Annual quota of E-RES (%), Romania, 2010–2020 150

Table 55: Allocation of Green Certificates , Romania, 2017 150

Table 56: Minimum Local Content Requirement (%), Russia, 2014–2020 155

Table 57: Annual Limits on Renewable Capacity Addition (MW), Russia, 2014–2020 155

Table 58: Renewable Energy Capacity Tenders, Russia 156

Table 59: Slovakia, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs (€/kWh and $/kWh), 2017 161

Table 60: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel Quota (%), 2016–2020 162

Table 61: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Minimum Volume of Biodiesel in Diesel (%), 2016–2020 162

Table 62: Slovakia, Renewable Energy, Biofuel in Petrol (%), 2016–2020 162

Table 63: Renewable Energy, Slovenia, Standard Feed-in Tariffs (€/MWh and $/MWh), 2017 169

Table 64: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Quota Obligation per MWh, 2017–2045 184

Table 65: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy Tax, 2017 186

Table 66: Renewable Energy Market, Sweden, Energy and CO2 Tax, 2017 187

Table 67: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Wind Energy, Switzerland, 2017 192

Table 68: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Solar Energy, Switzerland, 2016¬2017 192

Table 69: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Geothermal Energy, Switzerland, 2017 193

Table 70: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 193

Table 71: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Compression Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 194

Table 72: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Hydropower, Hydraulic Engineering Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 194

Table 73: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Base Payment, Switzerland, 2017 195

Table 74: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Wood Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 195

Table 75: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biomass, Agriculture Bonus, Switzerland, 2017 196

Table 76: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Biogas, Switzerland, 2017 196

Table 77: Turkey, Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs and Bonus (€c/kWh and $c/kWh), 2018 202

Table 78: Turkey, Renewable Power Market, Additional Price Incentive for Renewable Power Plants using Local Components 202

Table 79: Renewable Obligation, Technology Eligibility, UK, 2015 211

Table 80: Renewable Obligation (ROC/MWh), UK, 2009–2017 211

Table 81: Renewable Energy, CFD First Allocation Round Results , UK, 2015 213

Table 82: Renewable Energy, CFD Second Allocation Round Results , UK, 2017 214

Table 83: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019 215

Table 84: Solar Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019 216

Table 85: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019 217

Table 86: Wind Power Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019 217

Table 87: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019 218

Table 88: Hydropower Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019 218

Table 89: Biopower Feed-in Tariffs, UK (GBP/kWh), 2017–2019 219

Table 90: Biopower Feed-in Tariffs, UK ($/kWh), 2017–2019 219

Table 91: Climate Change Levy (£/kWh/kg), UK, 2016–2019 220

Table 92: Percentage Discount for CCA holders (%), UK, 2016–2019 220

Table 93: Carbon Price Support Rates* for Climate Change Levy, UK, 2015–2019 221

Table 94: Wind, Feed-in Tariffs, Ukraine, 2017 226

Table 95: Solar Photovoltaic (PV), Feed-in Tariffs, Ukraine, 2017 226

Table 96: Biopower, Feed-in Tariffs, Ukraine, 2016 227

Table 97: Hydropower, Feed-in Tariffs, Ukraine, 2016 227

Table 98: Geothermal, Feed-in Tariffs, Ukraine, 2016 227

Table 99: Abbreviations 230

List of figures

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