PESTLE Insights: Macroeconomic Outlook Report – Spain

Financial intermediation, real estate and business activities contributed 23.1% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2017, followed by wholesale, retail and hotels (18.6%), and mining, manufacturing and utilities (18.1%). In nominal terms, the three sectors are expected to grow by 5.2%, 3.7% and 3.3% respectively in 2018.

Five major autonomous communities of Spain generated around 42% of the GDP and 38% of population of the country in 2016.

Scope

– Investors are finding Madrid, Andalusia and Balearic Islands more lucrative in recent years

– As per World Bank's logistics performance index (LPI), transport and logistic infrastructure in Spain improved over the last five years with an improvement in rank from 18th in 2014 to 17th out of 160 countries in 2018

– The Spanish government has planned to invest around EUR103.7 bn (US$126.5 bn) in various infrastructure projects between 2017 and 2021.

Reasons to buy

– Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

– PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

– Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

– This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Table of Contents 02

List of Exhibits 03

Did you Know? 04

Country Highlights 05

Country Snapshot 07

PESTLE Insights 21

Political Landscape 22

Economic Landscape 23

Social Landscape 30

Technological Landscape 33

Legal Landscape 36

Environmental Landscape 37

Outlook 38

List of Figures

List of Figures

Exhibit 1: Spain’s Performance in Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to Western Europe, and the World Average 11

Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100) 11

Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index 12

Exhibit 4: Bolsa de Madrid Stock Market Index-IBEX 35 14

Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy 15

Exhibit 6: Exhibit 6: Investments by Sector Share (2017) and Total Investment in Key Sectors (2012, 2016 and 2017) 16

Exhibit 7: Investment Share by Region (2012 and 2017) and Growth in Investments By Region (2012-2017) 18

Exhibit 8: Key Infrastructure Indicators 20

Exhibit 9: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate 24

Exhibit 10: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2017) 24

Exhibit 11: Export, Import and Trade Balance 25

Exhibit 12: Current Account Balance 25

Exhibit 13: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2014-2016 26

Exhibit 14: Vehicles; Other Than Railway or Tramway Rolling Stock, % of World’s Total 2017 26

Exhibit 15: Interest Rates 28

Exhibit 16: Exchange Rate and Inflation Rate 28

Exhibit 17: Public Finance 29

Exhibit 18: General Government Debt 29

Exhibit 19: Employment/Unemployment 31

Exhibit 20: Average Annual Wages 31

Exhibit 21: Labour Cost Index 31

Exhibit 22: Rural/Urban Share in Total Population 32

Exhibit 23: Age-group Share of Total Population 32

Exhibit 24: Gender Split 32

Exhibit 25: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile Penetration Rate and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2016 34

Exhibit 26: Number of Patents Granted Per M Inhabitants, 2015 35

Exhibit 27: High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports) 35

Exhibit 28: Doing Business in Spain 2018 36

Exhibit 29: Corruption Perception Index (rankings) 2017 36

Exhibit 30: CO2 Emissions 37

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