China Mining Industry Fiscal Regime Analysis – Governing Bodies, Regulations, Licensing Fees, Taxes, Royalties, 2023 Update

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China Mining Industry Report Overview

China is one of the largest mining countries in the world. The country’s approach toward sustainability has gained attention in recent years due to increasing concerns about resource depletion, pollution, and social issues related to mining. A few of the key sustainable practices in China’s mining industry include environmental conservation, resource efficiency, effective regulatory reforms, and green mining initiatives. Furthermore, China is increasing investments in renewable energy, especially in wind and solar to promote energy transition in the upcoming years.

The China mining industry report provides comprehensive coverage of the country’s mining fiscal regime. The report provides the country’s overview with macroeconomic performance, corruption index, and mineral overview. It also includes a detailed coverage of the country’s mining regulatory bodies, laws, rights, and obligations, and current and future tax-related proposals.

Governing Bodies ·        State Council

·        Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR)

·        National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)

·        National Energy Administration (NEA)

·        Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection

Key Laws ·        Mineral Resources Law

·        Mining License

·        Mining Fees Exemption

·        Environmental Protection Law

·        Area Forbidden for Mining

Taxes and Royalties ·        Resource Tax

·        Environmental Protection Tax (EPT)

·        Value Added Tax (VAT)

·        Consumption Tax

·        Corporate Income Tax (CIT)

Key Minerals ·        Coal

·        Iron Ore

·        Lead

·        Copper

·        Graphite

·        Silver

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China Mining Industry - Key Governing Body

The key regulatory bodies governing China’s mining industry are the State Council, Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), National Energy Administration (NEA), and Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection among others.

In China, the State Council holds the supreme power and administration rights. It manages China’s internal politics, diplomacy, national defense, finance, economy, culture, and education. The State Council consists of a premier, vice premiers, state councilors, and various ministers, as well as the auditor general and secretary general. The council implements policies, laws, and regulations adopted by the government, controls the ownership of minerals, and ensures the rational development and utilization of mineral resources.

China Mining Market Analysis by Governing Bodies

China Mining Market Analysis by Governing Bodies
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China Mining Industry – Laws, Rights, and Obligations

The key laws in the China mining industry are the Mineral Resources Law, Mining License, Mining Fees Exemption, Environmental Protection Law, and Area Forbidden for Mining among others.

Mineral Resources Law: This law is harmonized with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, to develop the mining industry by promoting the exploration, development, utilization, and protection of mineral resources. It also ensures the current and long-term requirements of socialist modernization. In China, the state and the State Council own mineral resources, which also ensures protection, utilization, and development.

China Mining Market Analysis by Laws

China Mining Market Analysis by Laws
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China Mining Industry – Taxes and Payments

The main taxes applicable in the China mining industry are Resource Tax, Environmental Protection Tax (EPT), and Value Added Tax (VAT), among others.

Resource Tax: The resource tax is levied for exploiting natural resources and determined based on the revenue generated from sales of primary taxable minerals, including crude oil, natural gas, coal, ferrous and non-ferrous ores, and non-metal ores. The rate applicable for crude oil and natural gas products ranges from 5% to 10% based on their sales. In September 2020, the Chinese government altered its resources tax on some metals. In August 2023, China’s Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation announced that the preferential resource tax deduction policy on coal mining will be reduced by 50 between September 1st, 2023  and December 31st, 2027.

China Mining Market Analysis by Taxes

China Mining Market Analysis by Taxes
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The report outlines the governing bodies, governing laws, various mineral licenses and fees

Reasons to Buy

  • Enhance your decision-making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner.
  • Find out China’s governing bodies, major laws in the industry.
  • Identify various mineral licenses and fees.
  • Gain an overview of China’s mining fiscal regime.


Table of Contents

Executive Summary

Country Overview

Mineral Overview

Governing Bodies

Law, Rights and Obligations

Taxes and Royalties

Sustainable Mining Practices



Table 1: Resource tax, 2022

Table 2: Environmental protection tax, 2022

Table 3: Value added tax (VAT), 2022

Table 4: Land appreciation tax, 2022

Table 5: Deed tax, 2022


Figure 1: Country overview, 2022

Figure 2: Nominal GDP (US$ billion) and real GDP growth rate (%), 2001–2021

Figure 3: Corruption perception index, 2016–2021

Figure 4: Minerals Production Trend, 2011–2021

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