Hong Kong In-depth PESTLE Insights

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This PESTLE country analysis report on Hong Kong provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


– Understand the political system in Hong Kong through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
– Understand the economic situation in Hong Kong through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
– Understand customer demographics in Hong Kong through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
– Understand the technological landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.
– Understand the legal landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of the judicial system as well as performance of the legal indicators
– Understand the environmental landscape in Hong Kong through analysis of the environmental regulations and the performance of the environmental indicators


– The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Hong Kong, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.

– The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Hong Kong 's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."

– The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to Buy

– What is the outlook in Hong Kong in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?

– How does Hong Kong perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?

– How does Hong Kong perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?

– How does Hong Kong perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1.1. Catalyst

1.2. Summary

1.2.1. Key findings

1.2.2. PESTLE highlights

1.3. Recovery of the economy from the COVID-19 crisis

1.3.1. Snapshot

1.3.2. Vaccination

1.3.3. Government measures

1.3.4. Lockdown measures

1.3.5. Travel restrictions

1.3.6. Stimulus measures

1.4. Key fundamentals


2.1. Geographic location


3.1. Summary

3.2. Political analysis

3.2.1. Overview

3.2.2. Current strengths

3.2.3. Current challenges

3.2.4. Future prospects

3.2.5. Future risks

3.3. Economic analysis

3.3.1. Overview

3.3.2. Current strengths

3.3.3. Current challenges

3.3.4. Future prospects

3.3.5. Future risks

3.4. Social analysis

3.4.1. Overview

3.4.2. Current strengths

3.4.3. Current challenges

3.4.4. Future prospects

3.5. Technological analysis

3.5.1. Overview

3.5.2. Current strengths

3.5.3. Current challenges

3.5.4. Future prospects

3.5.5. Future risks

3.6. Legal analysis

3.6.1. Overview

3.6.2. Current strengths

3.6.3. Current challenges

3.6.4. Future prospects

3.7. Environmental analysis

3.7.1. Overview

3.7.2. Current strengths

3.7.3. Current challenges

3.7.4. Future prospects

3.7.5. Future risks


4.1. Summary

4.2. Evolution

4.3. Structure and policies

4.3.1. Key political figures

4.3.2. Structure of government

4.3.3. Key political parties

4.3.4. Composition of government

4.3.5. Key policies

4.4. Performance

4.4.1. Governance indicators

4.5. Outlook


5.1. Summary

5.2. Evolution

5.3. Structure and policies

5.3.1. Financial authorities and regulators

5.4. Performance

5.4.1. GDP and growth rate

5.4.2. GDP composition by sector

5.4.3. International investment position

5.4.4. Monetary situation

5.4.5. Employment

5.5. Outlook

5.6. Summary

5.7. Evolution

5.8. Structure and policies

5.8.1. Demographic composition

5.8.2. Education

5.8.3. Healthcare

5.8.4. Social welfare

5.9. Performance

5.9.1. Healthcare

5.9.2. Income distribution

5.9.3. Education

5.10. Outlook


6.1. Summary

6.2. Evolution

6.3. Structure and policies

6.3.1. Intellectual property

6.3.2. R&D

6.4. Performance

6.4.1. Telecommunications, broadband, and internet

6.5. Outlook


7.1. Summary

7.2. Evolution

7.3. Structure and policies

7.3.1. Judicial system

7.3.2. Tax regulations

7.4. Performance

7.4.1. Effectiveness of the legal system

7.5. Outlook


8.1. Summary

8.2. Evolution

8.3. Structure and policies

8.3.1. Environmental regulations

8.4. Performance

8.4.1. Environmental impact

8.5. Outlook


10.1. Ask the analyst

10.2. About GlobalData

10.3. Disclaimer


List of Tables

Table 1: Hong Kong – Key fundamentals, 2019-26f

Table 2: Hong Kong – Key facts, 2022

Table 3: Hong Kong – Analysis of the political landscape

Table 4: Hong Kong – Analysis of the economic landscape

Table 5: Hong Kong – Analysis of the social landscape

Table 6: Hong Kong – Analysis of the technological landscape

Table 7: Hong Kong – Analysis of the legal landscape

Table 8: Hong Kong – Analysis of the environmental landscape

Table 9: Hong Kong – Population by age and gender (%), 2021

Table 10: Hong Kong – Performance on the receipt of patents, 2013-20


List of Figures

Figure 1: Map of Hong Kong, 2022

Figure 2: Gini Index (0 to 100), 2016 or latest data available

Figure 3: Old age population share (over 65 years) and old age dependency ratio (%), 2011-26F

Figure 4: Gross R&D expenditure of Hong Kong, 2017-20

Figure 5: Hong Kong – A timeline of key political events

Figure 6: Hong Kong – Key political figures

Figure 7: Hong Kong – Composition of the legislative council, 2021

Figure 8: Hong Kong – Historical GDP growth (%), 2012-21

Figure 9: Hong Kong – GDP and GDP growth rate ($ billion/%), 2017-26f

Figure 10: Hong Kong – GDP composition by sector (%), 2021

Figure 11: Hong Kong – Agricultural output (HK$ billion/%), 2017-22f

Figure 12: Hong Kong – Industrial output (HK$ billion/%), 2017-22f

Figure 13: Hong Kong – Service output (HK$ trillion/%), 2017-22f

Figure 14: Hong Kong – External trade (%), 2017-26f

Figure 15: Hong Kong – Consumer price index and inflation (%), 2017-26f

Figure 16: Hong Kong – Unemployment rate (%), 2017-26f

Figure 17: Hong Kong – Total healthcare expenditure ($ billion/%), 2012-20

Figure 18: Hong Kong – Government expenditure on education ($ billion/%), 2017-26f

Figure 19: Hong Kong – Internet users and penetration, 2017-21

Figure 20: Hong Kong – Carbon dioxide emissions (million tonnes/%), 2012-20

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