Netherlands PESTLE Insights – A Macroeconomic Outlook Report

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According to GlobalData estimates, financial intermediation, real estate and business activities contributed 28.3% towards GVA, followed by wholesale, retail and hotels activities (16.7%), and mining, manufacturing and utilities (14.9%) in 2022. The three sectors are forecast to grow by 3.6%, 5.3%, and 4.0%, respectively, in 2023.

Provinces of North Holland, South Holland and East contributed 60.0% of the country’s GDP in 2021 and comprised 58.9% of the country’s population in 2022, according to Eurostat


According to the Government of the Netherlands, the Dutch government plans to address the growing strain on transportation infrastructure by investing an additional EUR25 billion ($29.6 billion) by 2028

Key Highlights

The AEX Index exhibited a volatile trend over past year. As of April 26, 2023, the Index stood at 748.4, compared to 695.6 on April 26, 2022.

Reasons to Buy

Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.

PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations

Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.

This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

ASN Bank

Table of Contents

List of Exhibits

Did You Know?

Country Highlights

Key Economic Updates

Country Snapshot

Political Landscape

Economic Landscape

Social Landscape

Technological Landscape

Legal Landscape

Environmental Landscape



Exhibit 1: Netherlands's performance in country risk analysis in comparison to West Europe and World average

Exhibit 2: Performance overview (score: 1-100)

Exhibit 3: Broad categories and weights behind the index

Exhibit 4: Netherlands’s Stock Exchange Index – AEX Index (April 2022 – April 2023)

Exhibit 5: Netherlands exchange rate (April 2022 – April 2023)

Exhibit 6: Key sectors’ contribution to the economy

Exhibit 7: FDI flows and stock (Q1 2022-Q4 2022)

Exhibit 8: FDI inflows by region and country (Q1 2022-Q4 2022)

Exhibit 9: Key infrastructure indicators

Exhibit 10: Real GDP and household consumption growth rate (2018-25f)

Exhibit 11: Real GDP growth rate comparison (2022e)

Exhibit 12: Exports and imports growth (2018-25f)

Exhibit 13: Current account balance (2018-25f)

Exhibit 14: Top three commodity exports, % of total exports (2019-22)

Exhibit 15: Mineral fuels, oil and products, % share of the world’s total (2021)

Exhibit 16: Interest rates (May 2018 – May 2023)

Exhibit 17: Exchange rate and inflation (2018-25f)

Exhibit 18: General government net lending/borrowing (2018-25f)

Exhibit 19: General government debt (2018-25f)

Exhibit 20: Employed population and unemployment rate (2018-25f)

Exhibit 21: Average annual wages (2018-25f)

Exhibit 22: Labor index cost (2018-25f)

Exhibit 23: Rural-urban share of total population (2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 24: Age-group share of total population (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 25: Gender split (2005, 2015, 2025)

Exhibit 26: Internet users as a percentage of total population, mobile penetration rate and broadband penetration rate (2022)

Exhibit 27: Number of patents granted per million population (2021)

Exhibit 28: High technology exports, % of manufactured exports (2021)

Exhibit 29: Rule of law (rankings), 2022

Exhibit 30: Corruption perceptions index (rankings) (2022)

Exhibit 31: Renewable energy capacity (2017-21)

Exhibit 32: CO2 emissions (2017-21)


List of Figures

Exhibit 1: The Netherlands's performance in country risk analysis in comparison West Europe and World average

Exhibit 2: Performance overview (Score: 1-100)

Exhibit 3: Broad categories and weights behind the index

Exhibit 4: AFX Index (March 2021 – March 2022)

Exhibit 5: Key sectors; contribution to the economy (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 6: FDI flows and FDI stock (2016-2020)

Exhibit 7: Investment by country (2021/2020-21)

Exhibit 8: Key infrastructure indicators

Exhibit 9: Real GDP growth and household consumption growth (2017-24f)

Exhibit 10: Real GDP growth rate comparison (2021)

Exhibit 11: Volume of total exports and imports growth (2017-24f)

Exhibit 12: Current account balance (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 13: Top three commodity exports, % of total exports, (2016-2020)

Exhibit 14: Nuclear reactors, % share of world’s total (2021)

Exhibit 15: Interest rates (February 2018 – February 2022)

Exhibit 16: Exchange rate and inflation rate (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 17: Public finance (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 18: Gross general government debt (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 19: Unemployment rate (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 20: Average annual wages (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 21: Labor cost index (2017-2024f)

Exhibit 22: Rural/urban share of total population (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025f)

Exhibit 23: Age-group share of total population (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025f)

Exhibit 24: Gender split (1995, 2005, 2015, 2025f)

Exhibit 25: Internet users as a % of total population, mobile and broadband penetration rates (2021)

Exhibit 26: Number of patents granted per million people (2020)

Exhibit 27: High technology exports (% of manufactured exports) (2020)

Exhibit 28: Doing business in the Netherlands 2020

Exhibit 29: Corruption perception index (rankings) (2021)

Exhibit 30: Renewable energy, installed capacity (2016-2020)

Exhibit 31: CO2 emissions (2016-2020)

Frequently asked questions

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