Automotive Vehicle Light Weighting Market and Trend Analysis by Technology, Key Companies and Forecast, 2021-2036

Pages: 142 Published: July 15, 2022 Report Code: GDAUS700722

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the vehicle lightweighting megatrend, the technologies, materials and suppliers involved, and material content forecasts

What are the market dynamics of the automotive vehicle lightweighting industry?

Governmental pressure in Europe and North America to reduce the CO2 emissions has prompted automakers and their supply base to develop automotive technology to meet those strict emission limits. Consequently, more and more vehicles are incorporating components aimed at mass reduction, parts consolidation to reduce assembly costs, and more efficient recycling. The automaker’s need to improve overall fuel economy in vehicles has led to the trend toward minimizing vehicle weight. The use of performance materials such as high-strength steel and aluminum is on the rise and heavier traditional materials, such as steel and iron, are being replaced whenever possible.

Lightweight structures are now more important than ever given the trend toward future-oriented drive technologies such as electric mobility. Hence the use of plastics, aluminum, magnesium, and different grades of steel are all under scrutiny by the vehicle makers in a bid to optimize factors.

As manufacturers attempt to add more features and create more interior space in the small car segment, designers and material suppliers are being urged to come up with new ideas, such as slimline seats. While thinner seats will add crucial space inside smaller cars, the ability to transform the cabin to suit different needs remains topical as we move closer into the autonomous driving age. While interior trim is by no means a high-technology product, the technical boundaries are being pushed back to improve appearance, save weight, enhance safety, simplify installation, and above all cut cost.

What are the main materials used for vehicle lightweighting?

The main materials used for vehicle lightweighting are steel, iron, aluminium, plastics, and glass.

Aluminum

Although aluminum content in cars is increasing, albeit slowly, we should expect to see significant inroads emerging over the next few years. The automotive market has lately become the largest and fastest-growing single market sector for aluminum producers. Over the past decade, aluminum content has experienced steady growth in light vehicle applications in these regions.

Glass

In observing trends in the auto glazing industry, glassmakers report how the glazing area in vehicles has increased since the early 1990s. Higher and wider windshields have led to the quantity of glass used in vehicle manufacture gradually increasing. More recently, the trend is toward larger, more complex windshields and bigger sunroofs.

Iron

The use of plastics, aluminum, magnesium, and different grades of steel are all under scrutiny by the vehicle makers in a bid to optimize factors. While the use of these materials in vehicles has significantly increased over the last five years, the use of iron is decreasing. For example, some vehicle makers are switching from traditional iron blocks for engines to aluminum construction. Although not as durable as iron, aluminum is lighter thereby boosting fuel economy.

Plastics

The trends toward the increased use of plastics in exterior and structural/functional powertrain components have been driven by innovations in material, molding, and painting technologies, which have improved the performance and appearance of molded plastic components as well as lowered their costs. The design freedom that plastic offers are also key to its increased use. Not only does plastic allow for the manufacture of products that cannot be manufactured with other materials, but plastic makes it possible to combine several parts, saving weight and cost. Additionally, recently introduced plastics that can withstand the hot, corrosive environment of the engine compartment are becoming more prevalent.

Steel

The use of plastics, aluminum, magnesium, and different grades of steel are all under scrutiny by the vehicle makers in a bid to optimize factors. While the use of plastics in vehicles has significantly increased over the last five years, the steel industry has also proved flexible by reducing the weight of components without sacrificing strength.

Mild steels are the most common material used in vehicle manufacture. Despite the advances made by aluminum and polymers, steel offers good value in mass production and simpler production processes than its rivals.

Other materials

Other materials used in vehicle manufacture include rubber (mainly tires although other uses include wiper blades, engine mounts, seals, hoses, and belts), elastomeric substances, organic materials, adhesives, textiles, fabrics (woven and knitted), felt, cardboard, wires.

Automotive vehicle lightweighting market, by material

Automotive vehicle lightweighting market, by material

For more material insights, download a free report sample

Which are the major companies in automotive vehicle lightweighting market?

Some of the major companies in the automotive vehicle lightweighting market are Accuride Corporation, Alcoa Inc, Aleris, Bodine Aluminum, Constellium, 3M, Asahi Kasei Plastics, Autoneum, BASF, Boomer, Aichi Steel, Benteler Automotive, Gestamp Automocion, GF Linamar, and JFE Steel.

Automotive vehicle lightweighting market, by company

Automotive vehicle lightweighting market, by company

To know more about major companies, download a free report sample

Market report scope

Key estimates Aluminum, Glass, Iron, Plastics, Steel, and Other Materials
Key companies Accuride Corporation, Alcoa Inc, Aleris, Bodine Aluminum, Constellium, 3M, Asahi Kasei Plastics, Autoneum, BASF, Boomer, Aichi Steel, Benteler Automotive, Gestamp Automocion, GF Linamar, and JFE Steel

Scope

  • This report contains an overview of the automotive sector along with detailed related component forecasts, supported by information drawn from GlobalData’s extensive range of sources.

Scope

– This report contains an overview of an automotive sector along with detailed related component forecasts, supported by information drawn from GlobalData's extensive range of sources.

Reasons to Buy

– This report has been extracted from GlobalData's regularly updated online Automotive Intelligence Center. Containing content, tools and services not found in this report, GlobalData's AIC offers a cost-effective multi-user car market research solution.

Key Players


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Main Trends in the Sector

2. PESTER Analysis

Political

Economic

Social

Technological

Environmental

Regulatory

3. Body and exterior

Body-in-white

Doors and front-end modules

Glazing

A 50 per cent weight reduction is possible when replacing side and rear glass windows with polycarbonate.

Roofs

4. Chassis

Suspension and braking components

“Aluminium is one of the possible materials of the future for the production of brake discs."

Tyres

5. Companies

Aluminium

Plastics and composites

Steel

6. Forecasts

Aluminium

Glass

Iron

Other materials

Plastics

Steel

7. Fuel systems

Plastics and composites

Steel

8. Future developments

Concept cars

Other future vehicle lightweighting developments

Production cars

9. Interior

Cockpits

Other

Passive safety systems

Seating

10. Material development

Aluminium

Carbon fibre

Magnesium

Organic materials

Plastics and composites

Steel

11. Other

Adhesives

Airbags

Batteries

Brake pedals

Floor mats

Foam

Glazing

Power electronics

Starter motors

Wiring harnesses

12. Powertrain

Aluminium

Carbon fibre

Magnesium

Organic materials

Plastics and composites

Steel

13. Recycling initiatives

Batteries

Doors and front-end modules

Glass

Plastics and composites

Seating

Steel

Tyres

Wheels

14. Appendix

15. What is this Report About?

16. Contact Us

17. If you have any more questions regarding our research, please contact us

List of Tables

List of Tables

Table 1: Main trends in the Vehicle lightweighting sector

Table 2: Aluminium as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020, 2025, 2030, 2035

Table 3: Glass as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020. 2025, 2030, 2035

Table 4: Iron as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020, 2025, 2030, 2035

Table 5: Other materials as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020, 2025, 2030, 2035

Table 6: Plastics as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020, 2025, 2030, 2035

Table 7: Steel as a percentage of total kerb weight of medium-sized passenger cars assembled in all major car producing regions, 2008-2020, 2025,2030, 2035

Table 8: Alternative materials: potential weight saving versus cost

Table 9: Examples of alternative materials to steel

Table 10: Evaluation of a clutch pedal

Table 11: Cost of CO2 saving

List of Figures

List of Figures

Figure 1: Mercedes-Benz C Class BIW

Figure 2: Jaguar XJ

Figure 3: Porsche Macan

Figure 4: SLS AMG E-CELL

Figure 5: Renault EOlab

Figure 6: 2013 Ford Escape door bolster

Figure 7: BMW i8

Figure 8: Mazda CX-5 crossover

Figure 9: SGS Lightweight windscreen

Figure 10: PC glazing

Figure 11: VW Golf A7 roof

Figure 12: Cooper Tire and Rubber

Figure 13: Audi suspension springs

Figure 14: IFR Automotive Twin Brake Disc

Figure 15: VW Golf

Figure 16: Citroen C4 Cactus Airflow 2L concept

Figure 17: Ford Mondeo concept

Figure 18: Infiniti Q80 Inspiration

Figure 19: Magna's MILA

Figure 20: Renault EOlab

Figure 21: BMW i3

Figure 22: Volkswagen XL1 Super Efficient Vehicle

Figure 23: VW Golf Vi

Figure 24: Faurecia lightweight seat

Figure 25: Volvo XC90

Figure 26: Ford Mondeo

Figure 27: Mercedes-Benz CLA Shooting Brake

Figure 28: Chevrolet Volt

Figure 29: Ford Focus EV seating

Frequently Asked Questions

The main materials used for vehicle lightweighting are steel, iron, aluminium, plastics, and glass.

Some of the major companies in the automotive vehicle lightweighting market are Accuride Corporation, Alcoa Inc, Aleris, Bodine Aluminum, Constellium, 3M, Asahi Kasei Plastics, Autoneum, BASF, Boomer, Aichi Steel, Benteler Automotive, Gestamp Automocion, GF Linamar, and JFE Steel.

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