As World Lung Cancer Day approaches on August 1st, it serves as a reminder that lung cancer remains a major public health issue, particularly for women. The diagnosed incidence rates of lung cancer have been increasing worldwide among women but decreasing among men. Diagnosed incident rates are higher in men compared to women in the seven major markets (7MM*) in 2019. However, we may see a decrease in the difference between rates for men and women in the future, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
The number of incident cases in lung cancer in men and women is expected to increase worldwide due to differences in variation of incidence rates, including differences between incidence rates for men and women. The increase in rates among women may be attributed to changes in smoking behavior or a higher detection rate in women through diagnostic screening.
Nanthida Nanthavong, MPH, Associate Epidemiologist at GlobalData, comments: “Women may see a higher burden of lung cancer in the future, especially if rates continue to increase, highlighting that there is a need to address lung cancer at a sex-specific level.”
The incidence of lung cancer has been decreasing in countries such as the US and UK due to public health initiatives and tobacco control policies. However, low- and middle-income countries are seeing an increase in incidence rates due to the tobacco epidemic.
Nanthavong concludes: “Lung cancer has one of the lowest five-year relative survival rates out of all cancers, especially for patients in advanced stages. However, improving public health policies, developing better screening tools and effective treatment is vital for decreasing the number of new cases of lung cancer and improving survival rates.”
*7MM = US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, Japan.