Turkey Renewable Energy Policy Handbook, 2022 Update

Pages: 20 Published: March 04, 2022 Report Code: GDAE1485P

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Turkey’s main regulatory agency is Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA). It is responsible for formulating and implementing energy policies and strategies for power development. The Turkish electricity sector is modeled on the European Union (EU) market structure and a transparent regulatory framework has been set up by the EMRA. Turkey’s energy policy matters are the responsibility of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR), and the main policy-making body within the MENR is the General Directorate of Energy Affairs.

The Turkey renewable energy policy handbook offers comprehensive information on major policies governing the renewable energy market in the country. The report also discusses renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of the overall growth potential of the renewable energy industry. Moreover, the report provides major technology-specific policies and incentives provided in the country.

What are the market dynamics in the Turkey renewable energy industry?

The Law on the Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for Electricity Generation was the first specific renewable energy law in Turkey. The renewable energy sources included under this act are wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, biogas, waves, tides, and hydropower. The law states that systems that produce electricity from renewable energy resources will be issued a Renewable Energy Sources (RES) certificate, which will enable such systems to benefit from the incentives granted by the law. The amendment of the Renewable Energy Law led to certain advantages, concerning FiTs, lower license fees, some cases of license exemptions, connection priorities, land acquisition, and purchase guarantees. Due to increasing government support for renewable sources, there is an increase in wind, solar, and biomass power installations. The major supporting policy is the FiT scheme. Turkey’s government has been promoting renewable energy so that it can also reduce its dependence on natural gas import.

What are the major policies in the Turkey renewable energy market?

The major policies in the renewable energy market in Turkey are the Electricity Market Law, Omnibus Law, National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), Act No. 5346 – Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources, the Presidential Decree Number 1044, Intended Nationally Determined Condition (INDC), and Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water.

Electricity Market Law

The Electricity Market Law is the main law governing the electricity market in Turkey. It aims to significantly change the current electricity market, in terms of the types of the license issued, the establishment of pre-licensing procedures, framing of each type of market activity, specific provisions for each type, the introduction of preliminary licensing mechanism and investment incentives, modifications to the authorities of the EMRA, stringent supervision of distribution companies, and the extension of deadlines for certain incentives. The goals of the law include ensuring the full privatization of distribution and generation assets, improving the operation of the electricity sector by promoting energy efficiency and the reduction in energy loss, implementing new technologies, diversifying energy resources, and promoting domestic and renewable sources.

National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

NREAP discussed the strategies to promote the development of renewable energy in the country. The strategy ensures that the share of renewable energy in electricity production has increased by 2023. Furthermore, it ensures technological and industrial development based on the installation of higher renewable energy capacity by 2023. NREAP also develops an appropriate framework to promote the penetration of distributed generation based on renewable energies and the usage of renewable energy in buildings.

Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources – Act No. 5346

Act No. 5346, which is related to the Use of Renewable Energy Resources for the Generation of Electrical Energy, was the first specific renewable energy act to have been established in Turkey. Its purpose was to promote the use of renewable sources for electricity generation, by establishing the necessary legal and regulatory framework. Through this law, the government aims to increase the diversification of its energy demands, reduce GHG emissions, conduct the waste assessment, carry out environmental protection, and develop the manufacturing sector, in relation to renewable energy products.

For more insights on renewable policies in Turkey, download a free report sample

Market report scope

Major policies Electricity Market Law, Omnibus Law, National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), Act No. 5346 – Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources, the Presidential Decree Number 1044, Intended Nationally Determined Condition (INDC), and Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water

The report provides:

  • Policy measures and incentives used by Turkey to promote renewable energy.
  • Promotional measures in Turkey both for the overall renewable energy industry and for specific renewable energy technologies that have potential in the country.

Reasons to Buy

  • Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken for different renewable energy sources.
  • Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting various renewable technologies.
  • Compare the level of support provided to different renewable energy technologies in the country.
  • Be ahead of the competition by keeping yourself abreast of all the latest policy changes.

Table of Contents

| Table of Contents

| About GlobalData

1. Turkey Power Market, Regulatory Scenario

1.1 Renewable Energy Market, Overview

1.2 Renewable Energy Targets

1.3 Electricity Market Law

1.4 Omnibus Law

1.5 National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

1.6 Act No. 5346 – Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources

1.7 The Presidential Decree Number 1044

1.8 Intended Nationally Determined Condition (INDC)

1.9 COP24

1.10 Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water

1.11 Feed-in Tariff

1.12 Auctions

1.13 Renewable Energy Zones (YEKA-Scheme)

– YEKA-2017

1.14 YEKDEM

1.15 Hydrogen Energy

1.16 Electricity Market Licensing Regulation

– Amendments to Electricity Market Licensing Regulation

1.17 Clean Technology Fund (CTF)

2. Appendix

2.1 Abbreviations

2.2 Market Definitions

– Power

– Renewable Power

– Installed Capacity

– Electricity Generation

– Electricity Consumption

2.3 Methodology

– Coverage

– Secondary Research

– Primary Research

– Modelling and Forecasting

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List of Tables

| List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Targets, Turkey, 2023

Table 2: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Turkey, 2021

Table 3: Renewable Energy Auctions, Turkey, 2017-2019

Table 4: Abbreviations

List of Figures

| List of Tables

Table 1: Renewable Energy Targets, Turkey, 2023

Table 2: Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs, Turkey, 2021

Table 3: Renewable Energy Auctions, Turkey, 2017-2019

Table 4: Abbreviations

Frequently Asked Questions

The major policies in the renewable energy industry in Turkey are the Electricity Market Law, Omnibus Law, National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), Act No. 5346 – Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources, the Presidential Decree Number 1044, Intended Nationally Determined Condition (INDC), and Law on Geothermal Sources and Natural Mineral Water.

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