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Literacy Rate in India (2018 - 2021, %) 

  • The literacy rate in India reached 94.02% in 2021 
  • Between 2018 - 2021, the literacy rate was highest in the year 2021 
  • On a year-on-year basis, the literacy rate increased by 0.8% in 2021


Literacy Rate in India Overview

As more people get a better education, India's literacy rate has improved. Between 2018-2021, the literacy rate was highest in the year 2021 and lowest in the year 2018. The literacy rate reached 94.02% in 2021. Between 2018 to 2021, the literacy rate of India grew by 2.6%. On a year-on-year basis, the literacy rate increased by 0.8% in 2021.  

Literacy Rate 

The percentage of the population in each age group who is literate serves as a measure of literacy. The literacy rate for adults is 15 years of age or older, the rate for youth is 15 to 24 years of age, and the rate for the elderly is 65 years of age or older. The ability to comprehend brief, straightforward statements about daily life is typically how it is measured. In general, computing ability is a component of literacy, and basic computation tests may be used as metrics. 

The literacy rate shows how well primary education and literacy programs are working generally, instills fundamental literacy skills in the populace, puts these abilities to use in daily life, and makes it possible for people to master written language and stay in touch. The ability to read and write indicates the potential for greater intellectual development as well as society's economic and socio-cultural advancement. 

Factors That Affect the Literacy Rate 

Around 70% of women and 95% of the world's illiterate populace reside in developing nations. Women have a relatively high percentage of literacy in sub-Saharan Africa. For instance, more than 90% of women are literate in Burkina Faso and Niger. School attendance, lifespan, and birthweight are the three main factors of the global literacy rate. 

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