Outlook on Global Economy Growth
Real GDP growth is GDP’s annual percentage growth rate at market prices based on constant local currency.
The US, China, Japan, Germany, and India are the world's top five economies in terms of real GDP. The US is the largest economy in the world, followed by China. In 2021, the US real GDP grew at a rate of 5.7% over the previous year and became an $18.7 trillion economy. The US real GDP grew at a CAGR of 2.0% between 2010 and 2021. China is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with an annual real GDP growth rate of 8%; it grew at a CAGR of 7% between 2010 and 2021. In 2021, India’s annual real GDP growth rate was 9% and grew at a CAGR of 5% between 2010 and 2021.
Overview of the UK’s Real GDP Growth
In 2021, UK's real GDP grew 7.5% over the previous year and reached $2.8 trillion. UK's economy grew at a CAGR of 1.2% between 2010 and 2021. However, the outlook for UK's economy was clouded due to a spike in COVID-19 cases, rising inflation, and the war between Russia and Ukraine.
Factors Affecting the Global Economy
Rising Inflation and Interest Rates:
The inflation rate in developing and advanced economies have been rising, causing central banks to tighten monetary policy and raise interest rates to control price rises. However, a sustained rise in interest rates could push some economies into financial distress.
A rise in COVID-19 cases:
As a result of Omicron, a new variant of COVID-19, more cases have been reported worldwide, resulting in the disruption of supply chain management. However, the global vaccination drive has reduced the fatality of the coronavirus.
A prolonged conflict between Russia and Ukraine will continue to affect global economic growth. Investment and trade have been adversely affected due to the war as economic sanctions have been imposed on Russia, and several big companies have stopped their operations in the country.
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