Explore Indonesia's latest macroeconomic trends and forecasts to inform business strategy and pinpoint opportunities and risks

Indonesia's Rate of Urbanization (2010 - 2021, %)

  • Indonesia had an urbanization rate of 1.15% in 2021 
  • Urbanization rate in Indonesia decreased by 1.7% on a year-on-year basis in 2021
  • Between 2010-2021, the urbanization rate in Indonesia decreased by 27.7%

Indonesia: Urbanization Rate

Urbanization Rate in Indonesia

Indonesia had an urbanization rate of 1.15% in 2021. The urbanization rate in Indonesia decreased by 1.7% on a year-on-year basis in 2021. Between 2010 and 2021, the indicator decreased by 27.7%. The urbanization rate in Indonesia was highest in the year 2010 and lowest in the year 2021, between 2010 and 2021.

The urbanization rate is measured as the average annual percentage change of the urban share of the population (proportion of urban to total population). If the urban population grows at a rate faster than the total population, then it would result in the rate of urbanization being positive.

Urban Population of Indonesia

The urban population of Indonesia attained a value of 155 million people in 2021. It recorded a growth of 2.1% in 2021 compared to the previous year. Between 2018-2021, the urban population of Indonesia increased by 6.7%. The urban population of Indonesia was highest in 2021 with a value of 155 million people and lowest in 2018 with a value of 146 million, between 2018 and 2021.

Urbanization Rate: Global Scenario

According to GlobalData, the countries that had the highest urbanization rate in 2021 include Burundi, Uganda, Ethiopia, Nepal, Burkina Faso, Tanzania, and Bangladesh.

Countries with the lowest urbanization rate include Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Andorra, Curacao, South Korea, Puerto Rico, and Uzbekistan.

In 2021, Poland, Cyprus, Trinidad and Tobago, American Samoa, and Zimbabwe had the highest year-on-year growth, and Mauritius, Uzbekistan, Tonga, South Korea, Antigua and Barbuda, and Curacao were some of the countries with the lowest year-on-year growth in their urbanization rate.

Recent Trends Impacting Urbanization

The economy, natural increase in population, commercialization, female fertility rates, birth rates, death rates, healthcare facilities, industrialization, immigration and emigration rates, education, and other social and cultural variables all influence urban population growth.

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