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Countries with Highest Female Literacy Rate in the World in 2021 (%)

  • Taiwan had the highest female literacy rate in the world in 2021 at 99.99%
  • Estonia had the second-highest female literacy rate in the world at 99.98% in 2021
  • Italy secured the third-position with a female literacy rate of 99.97% rate

Female Literacy Rate: Global Scenario 

Globally, Taiwan had the highest female literacy rate in 2021 at 99.99%. Estonia had the second-highest female literacy rate in the world in 2021 at 99.98%. Italy secured the third position with a female literacy rate of 99.97% rate. Ukraine, Singapore, Lithuania, Slovenia, Macau (SAR), Cyprus, and Latvia are among some of the other countries with a high female literacy rate.

According to UNESCO estimates, globally 129 million females are estimated to be out of school worldwide, including 32 million in primary school, 30 million in lower secondary school, and 67 million in upper secondary school. Girls are more than twice as likely to be out of school in conflict-affected nations as they are in non-affected ones.

Only 49% of the countries in the world have achieved gender parity in elementary education. Just 24% of countries have achieved gender parity in upper secondary education and 42% in lower school, which is where the gender gap widens.

Impact of Female Education  

By supporting girls' education, communities, nations, and the world are transformed. Girls who acquire an education are more likely to lead healthy, fulfilling lives and are less likely to marry early. They create better futures for themselves and their family, earn higher wages, and take part in decisions that most directly affect them. 

Education for girls boosts economies and lowers inequality. It helps create more secure, resilient societies where everyone has the chance to reach their full potential, including boys and men. 

Social Factors Affecting Female Literacy Rate  

  • Seasonal workforce migration  
  • Early marriage according to social customs  
  • Restriction on girls based on social norms 
  • Household chores managed by young girls  
  • Gender differences in home, society
  • Lack of educational facilities 
  • Economic conditions of the family 
  • Division of family responsibilities after the death of the elderly family member 
  • Government policies 
  • Female health 
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