Explore India's latest macroeconomic trends and forecasts to inform business strategy and pinpoint opportunities and risks

India's Rate of Urbanization (2010 - 2021, %)

  • India had an urbanization rate of 1.34% in 2021 
  • Urbanization rate in India increased by 1.5% on a year-on-year basis in 2021
  • Between 2010-2021, the urbanization rate in India increased by 19.6%

India: Urbanization Rate

Urbanization Rate in India

India had an urbanization rate of 1.34% in 2021. The urbanization rate in India increased by 1.5% on a year-on-year basis in 2021. Between 2010 and 2021, the indicator increased by 19.6%. The urbanization rate in India was highest in the year 2021 and lowest in the years 2010 and 2011, between 2010 and 2021.

The urbanization rate is measured as the average annual percentage change of the urban share of the population (proportion of urban to total population). If the urban population grows at a rate faster than the total population, then it would result in the rate of urbanization being positive.

Urban Population of India

The urban population of India attained a value of 475 million people in 2021. It recorded a growth of 2.2% in 2021 compared to the previous year. Between 2018-2021, the urban population of India increased by 7.1%. The urban population of India was highest in 2021 with a value of 475 million people and lowest in 2018 with a value of 443 million, between 2018 and 2021.

Urbanization Rate: Global Scenario

According to GlobalData, the countries that had the highest urbanization rate in 2021 include Burundi, Uganda, Ethiopia, Nepal, Burkina Faso, Tanzania, and Bangladesh.

Countries with the lowest urbanization rate include Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Andorra, Curacao, South Korea, Puerto Rico, and Uzbekistan.

In 2021, Poland, Cyprus, Trinidad and Tobago, American Samoa, and Zimbabwe had the highest year-on-year growth, and Mauritius, Uzbekistan, Tonga, South Korea, Antigua and Barbuda, and Curacao were some of the countries with the lowest year-on-year growth in their urbanization rate.

Recent Trends Impacting Urbanization

The economy, natural increase in population, commercialization, female fertility rates, birth rates, death rates, healthcare facilities, industrialization, immigration and emigration rates, education, and other social and cultural variables all influence urban population growth.

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