Explore the latest Global macroeconomic trends and forecasts to inform business strategy and pinpoint opportunities and risks

Least Populated Countries in the World in 2021

  • Niue was the least populated country in the world with a population of 1,610 people in 2021
  • Norfolk Island with a population of 2,510 people was the second least populated country in the world
  • Niue experienced a decrease in population growth of 0.43% in 2021 compared to the previous year

Global Population: Overview

Population is defined as the total number of people residing in a country or region.

The world's population is currently growing at a low single-digit annual rate. The population is expected to rise at a rate of 81 million people every year. Between 1959 and the 2000s, the world's population more than doubled. In the late 1960s, the annual population growth rate peaked. Since then, the rate of increase has practically halved, and it is predicted to continue to fall in the future years around the world.

Factors Affecting Population Growth of a Country

Population growth of a country depends on multiple factors including the economy, female fertility rates, birth rates, death rates, healthcare facilities, increasing urbanization, immigration & emigration rates, education, and other social & cultural aspects.

Least Populated Countries in the World

Niue, Norfolk Island, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Montserrat, Cook Islands, Nauru, Tuvalu, Wallis and Futuna, Republic of Palau, and Anguilla were among the top 10 least populous countries in the world in 2021.

With a population of 1,610 people in 2021, Niue was the least populated country in the world. Norfolk Island was the second-least populated country in the world, with a population of 2,510 people. With a population of 5,321 people, Saint Pierre and Miquelon was the third least populous country in the world. Montserrat with a population of 5,387 people was the fourth least populated country in the world. With a population of 8,327people, Cook Islands was the fifth least populous country in the world. Niue, Norfolk Island, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Montserrat, and Cook Islands make up the top five least populated countries in Africa.

 

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