China is either on a par with or ahead of the West in key technology areas such as data-heavy, domain-specific artificial intelligence (AI) and genomics. However, it is lagging badly in the semiconductor space, and most likely up to ten years away from being self-sufficient at mass-producing complex chips, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
The company’s latest report, ‘China Tech – Thematic Research’, demonstrates how the escalating but highly volatile trade and ideological war between China and the US will result in two increasingly autonomous global superpowers by 2040.
Cyrus Mewawalla, Head of Thematic Research at GlobalData, commented: “If this escalation continues, both the US and China will end up having its own internet, technology stack, captive markets and global supply chains. This will cause China to drive ever harder to become self-sufficient – even dominant – in the key next generation technologies to secure its sovereignty and power.”
The threatened US export ban on technology that carries US intellectual property to Huawei, has exposed just how much China lags behind the US in semiconductors. China is around ten years away from creating a totally self-sufficient, world-class Chinese semiconductor industry.
Mewawalla continues: “In contrast, China is ahead in genomics and, notably, CRISPR gene editing technology. This is highly significant, given that the ‘life code’ based global economy is likely to account for over 25% of global GDP by 2030, and close to 40% by 2040, covering healthcare and medicine, agriculture, food, materials, energy and cosmetics.”
In addition to semiconductors and genomics, GlobalData’s report highlights that China is also investing heavily in the following tech industries:
Hardware: High performance computing; 5G telecom equipment; industrial robots; consumer robots; consumer electronics; and electric vehicles
Software: Autonomous driving; shared mobility; and AI
Platforms: Cloud infrastructure; internet platforms; and quantum computing